PHYSICAL ANALYSIS SMASHES
Space Expansion Theory
Our Universe, as 20th century cosmologists would have us believe, is growing, supposedly due to Space Expansion. What the world of astronomy knows for sure is that the distance between clusters of galaxies is growing. This was not Einstein's concept. He believed that the stars in the night sky were standing still.
This Space Expansion was an assumption developed by Friedmann and supported by Eddington basically to avoid unpleasant philosophical concepts apparently impossible to verify. Further this was in keeping with the necessary simplification of variables used in the fabrication of a mathematical model describing relativity.
Today, Space Expansion is no longer beyond our ability to examine due to many technological advancements reached in the last decade of the 20th century allowing us to observe:
- Earth's family of galaxies' motion thru the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation measured by the COBE satellite is going some 375 miles per second [600k/s].
- Hubble Space Telescope views of the edge of our Universe displays no curvature needed to demonstrate expansion.
- Modern analysis of the night sky shows no reduction in galactic velocities showing the limits of gravity.
With these tools, among others available, the concept of Space Expansion can be set against all the known laws of physics and then analyzed to see if there is any support at all for this philosophy.
The first point that comes to mind is the relative strength of Space Expansion and gravity. Gravity is the weakest of all observed forces, but with the longest reach shaping galaxies into families, clusters, and large arrays. However, gravity is not strong enough to slow or halt galactic velocities. If Space Expansion is a true force it must be stronger than gravity to produce the expansion viewed in our Universe.
While noting that for Space Expansion to work it must be stronger than gravity, we find that in order for this Space Expansion to affect our Universe in the way we observe it, Space Expansion must have a very unusual set of physical properties. For starters this phenomenon has Earth and related family of galaxies moving at 375 miles per second some 375 times faster than a rifle bullet. And all other galaxies are moving much faster. Where is this Space Expansion taking place?
Well, theory never said whether every cubic centimeter of space was expanding since the Big Bang and does not today suggest just what is expanding. Could space be expanding at either the Center or Edge of our Universe? That can't be because our 20th century cosmology denies any Center or Edge to our Universe.
Well that basically leaves us only with each cubic centimeter, expanding from nothing at the time of the Big Bang, expanding at 375 miles per second. Space Expansion - stronger than gravity.
As an aside, gravity, a weak force with a long arm affects dust particles as well as galactic systems and we can measure this force very accurately on Earth - Where is this stronger Space Expansion force? Nowhere! No experiment discloses any sign of Space Expansion.
Let's analyze another aspect of Space Expansion - The beginning. Now note that our 20th century cosmologists deny any existence of anything including an empty vacuum prior to the Big Bang. - So where does the energy come from to power such a vast explosion? . . . . . from nothing? . . . continuing still today? Theory provides no clues only math formulas.
Space Expansion has another very difficult physical problem to hurdle. This is one problem never ever mentioned or considered. It's not obvious but major. It's the omission of accumulated light.
We have been studying light in a "container" with the advent of laser beams. How they operate requires the "pumping up" or filling a crystal capable of containing light, with energy until it builds up to a great amount bouncing back and forth within this "container" and then this light is allowed to escape through a end only at a certain high energy level.
So now consider Space Expansion, a limited system growing from nothing to an immense, but limited one - a container if you will. All the light generated by every glowing thing in the Universe since the Big Bang will be trapped if this is truly a limited system. After 15 billion years or so the amount of light energy should be so great that the night sky will be brighter than direct sunlight.
But that is not what we see. On a clear moonless night it's black outside. Where did all the light go? This dark night sky demon-strates that we do not live in any limited system. The light must escape into the space surrounding our Universe never to return.
Every genuine physical evaluation of Space Expansion will result in the same analysis - null and void - not possible. Space Expansion is a philosophy past its prime. There is no basis in science or nature to support it. What does this leave us with?
A vacuum of space filled with some sort of energy as already studied may well be the pre Big Bang scene coupled with Einstein's famous formula E = mc2 . This has the best credentials for a Big Bang.
The follow up to the Big Bang finds gravity and inertia working together so to speak forming our Universe. Gravity forms the galaxies and inertia from the Big Bang explosion drives these galaxies apart. Using this information as a base we can now analyze the geometry of our Universe in the proper light.
Simple analysis of Earth's velocity and relation with other galactic studies show that Earth is some 60 million light years distant from the Big Bang Epicenter. This same analysis calculates that the time of the Big Bang took place some 30 billion years ago.
By Charles J. Sven
Discoverer of the Center of the Universe
Author: The 21st Century's All New Cosmology