Sources, dates and references
October 17, 2013
(all are Mathematical derived and were made prior to 1940 and unchallenged today)
- Expanding space
- Something from nothing
- Hindu mythology
- If; from a single quantum
- Cosmological principle
“This circumstance [of an expanding Universe] irritates me,” by Einstein in an old letter to Willem de Sitter. And in another letter about the expanding Universe, “To admit such possibilities seems senseless.” See R. Jastrow, God and the Astronomers, p.17 (Warner Books, New York, 1978.) [Einstein says expanding space is senseless.] See also page 97 in preview provided here.
Something from nothing
Einstein’s #1 Supporter – Arthur Eddington, in Nature 127, 1931, 450 wrote: “Philosophically, the notion of a beginning of the present order of Nature is repugnant to me. … I should like to find a genuine loophole.” [loophole?] Reference here.
“Eddington also claimed that his version of events could explain something emerging from nothing, thanks to some rather dubious logic.” Reported by Simon Singh in his book – “Big Bang” page 281 (Fourth Estate, NY, 2004.) [Science From Nothing?] See also page 281 in preview provided here.
In 1923 ‘”Friedmann formulates the results of his first cosmological paper in just a few sentences: … “This brings to mind what the Hindu mythology has to say about cycles of existence, and it also becomes possible to speak about ‘the creation of the world from nothing,’ ” “‘ Reported in the 1993 book: “Alexander A Friedmann: The Man Who Made the Universe Expand” page 156-7 by Tropp, Frenkel, and Chernin (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.) [Hindu mythology – a scientific basis ?] See also page 156 in preview provided here.
If; a from single quantum
In his letter to the journal Nature in 1931, Lemaître noted that “If the world has begun with a single quantum, the notions of space and time would altogether fail to have any meaning at the beginning…if this suggestion is correct, the beginning of the world happened a little before the beginning of space and time.” See The Beginning of the World from the point of View of Quantum Theory. Nature 127,706, 1931. IF. IF. IF.
In 1932-3, Edward A. Milne formulated the “cosmological principle” describing a homogenous universe that looks the same regardless of one’s position in our Universe. [NOTE: There was no acceptable way to test this so called principle with 20th century’s technology. Like proving Earth is a sphere, HiTech Data presented herein kills homogeneity.] See: Gale, George, “Cosmology: Methodological Debates in the 1930s and 1940s”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2002 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). See section 8.3.
Why do these old assumptions still exist?
“Many people want to believe the incredible, [the bizarre,] regardless of the evidence,” so noted by Michael Rowan-Robinson; cosmologist at the Imperial College, London – Discussing the French philosopher Montaigne medallion 1576 Que sais-je? (what do I know) worn to remind himself that nothing should be believed without evidence. See also prologue vii in preview provided here.
Morris Kline: Mathematics: The Loss of Certainty, Oxford University Press, 1980 – notes that “The Mathematician Georg Cantor spoke of a law of conservation of ignorance. A false conclusion once arrived at and widely accepted is not easily dislodged and the less it is understood (or replicated by any physical means) the more tenaciously it is held.” See also page 88 in preview provided here.
The effect of
Such is the unscientific mentality of our current Standard Big Bang Model Framers set from Einstein’s general relativity in 1915 to its current plastered form that emerged in early 1940’s. Namely these math based assumptions or other pseudoscientific theories present many unresolved problems in the Standard Model. [Note: these bizarre assumptions have no scientific basis, experimental findings, or observations – only elegant mathematical formulas.]
For the best analysis of Cosmology without assumptions but one based on all the latest replicable physics see:
My latest paper with complete extensive documentation:
a Richard Feynman like analysis of new physics
discovered since the 1930’s – applied without assumptions