In order for the atom1 to exist, the proton must capture and hold an electron in the atom’s sphere which it does. For lack of technology or language I shall refer to the proton’s hold as a positively charged force field.
Our positively charged proton, a + monopole, located in the heart of an atom, attracts the electron – the negatively valued monopole; like the pull of opposite magnet poles.
Separating these giant [atom sized] force fields is the strong atomic force [SAF] acting as a chaperone denying their embrace. One could think of the SAF acting like a hollow golf ball surrounding the nucleus containing the positively charged proton force fields.
The inside of this hollow SAF golf ball is positively charged, confining the protons. And like the poles of a magnet the outside of the golf ball is negatively charged driving away the electrons in the area of the nucleus. Diagrams of this model can be found at: DemoOfDarkEnergy PDF slide 36 or Big Bang Fuel PPT site slide 16.
All this requires power [and our atom is similar to an electric motor using the magnetic north/south poles that drives an armature when supplied with a external source of power such as a household current known as a 110 line.] Our atom requires a power supply to maintain all the forces operating within. For a discussion of power requirements see the above pdf or ppt presentations or text version at A Mathematical Analysis of the Atom’s Power Requirements needed to Drive Light/Photons or a Chain Reaction.
This discussion notes that the approximate smallest radius of the proton’s force fields must be in the area of the atom’s radius, the electron’s, like a magnet, is the mirror image.
1For a current picture of the atom that looks like a dark blue beach ball, created by the electron’s orbitals, see:
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-shape-of-atoms or http://scitechtoday.blogspot.com/2009/12/new-microscope-reveals-shape-of-atoms.html
Specifically, Igor Mikhailovskij and his collaborators at the Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology in Ukraine have imaged the shapes of those orbitals in carbon atoms by improving an old imaging technique called field-emission microscopy. The results are in the American Physical Society’s October Physical Review B. [Received 17 July 2009; published 7 October 2009 ] –http://prb.aps.org/abstract/PRB/v80/i16/e165404